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Glossary terms starting with the Letter S

TermDefinition
Secured Creditor</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><di
A creditor with a lien on specific property, which enables him or her to foreclose and collect the debt from the sale proceeds if it isn’t otherwise paid

Satisfaction of Mortgage</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</s
The document a mortgagee gives the mortgagor when the mortgage debt has been paid in full, acknowledging that the debt has been paid and the mortgage is no longer a lien against the property.

Sale-leaseback</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A technique in which a seller deeds property to a buyer for a consideration, and the buyer simultaneously leases the property back to the seller.

Second mortgage</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A mortgage that has a lien position subordinate to the first mortgage.

Secondary market</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><di
The buying and selling of existing mortgages and trust deeds. The lenders sell their loans to the large marketing agencies (FNMA, FHLMC, and GNMA) and to other investors, usually as part of a "pool" of mortgages

Secured loan</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
A loan that is backed by collateral.

Security agreement</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><
An instrument that creates a voluntary lien on property to secure repayment of a loan, For debts secured by real property, a security agreement is either a deed of trust or a mortgage.

Seller carry-back</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><d
An agreement in which the owner of a property provides financing, often in combination with an assumable mortgage.

Servicer</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
An organization that collects principal and interest payments from borrowers and manages borrowers' escrow accounts. The servicer often services mortgages that have been purchased by an investor in the secondary mortgage market.

Servicing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
In real estate it is the collection of mortgage payments from borrowers and related responsibilities of a loan servicer.

Settlement statement</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style
A document that presents a final, detailed accounting for a real estate transaction, listing each party’s debits and credits and the amount each wiol receive or be required to pay at closing, Also called a closing statement.

Subdivision</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A housing development that is created by dividing a tract of land into individual lots for sale or lease.

Subordinate financing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</styl
Any mortgage or other lien that has a priority that is lower than that of the first mortgage.

Subordination Clause</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style
A provision in a mortgage or deed of trust that permits a later mortgage or deed of trust to have higher lien priority than the one containing the clause.

Survey</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
A drawing or map showing the precise legal boundaries of a property, the location of improvements, easements, rights of way, encroachments, and other physical features.

Sweat equity</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
Contribution to the construction or rehabilitation of a property in the form of labor or services rather than cash

Safing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
Fire-resistant material inserted into a space between a curtain wall and a spandrel beam or column, to retard the passge of fire through the space.

Sand cushion terrazzo</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</styl
Terrazzo with an underbed that is separated from the structural floor deck by a layer of sand.

Sand-mold brick, sand-struck brick</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,3
A brick made in a mold that was wetted and then dusted with sand before the clay was placed in it.

Sandstone</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
A sedimentary rock formed from sand.

Sandwich panel</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A panel consisting of two outer faces of wood, metal, gypsum, or concrete bonded to a core of insulating foam.

Sapwood</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
The living wood in the outer region of a tree trunk or branch.

Sash</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
A frame that holds glass.

Scab</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
A piece of framing lumber nailed to the face of another piece of lumber.

Scarf joint</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A glued end connection between two pieces of wood, using a sloping cut to create a large surface for the glue bond, to allow it to develop the full tensile strength of the wood it connects.

Scratch coat</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
The first coat in a three-coat application of plaster.

Screed</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
A strip of wood, metal, or plaster that establishes the level to which concrete or plaster will be placed.

Screw port</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A three-quarter circular profile in an aluminum extrusion, made to accept a screw driven parallel to the long axis of the extrusion.

Screw slot</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A serrated slot profile in an aluminum extrusion, made to accept screws driven at right angles to the long axis of the extrusion.

Scupper</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
An opening through which water can drain over the edge of a flat roof.

Sealant gun</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A tool for injecting sealant into a joint.

Sealer</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
A coating used to close the pores in a surface, usually in preparation for the application of a finish coating.

Seated connection</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><d
A connection in which a steel beam rests on top of a steel angle fastened to a column or girder.

Security glass</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A glazing sheet with multiple laminations of glass and plastic, designed to stop bullets.

Sedimentary rock</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><di
Rock formed from materials deposited as sediments, such as sand or sea shells, which form sandstone and limestone, respectively.

Segregation</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
Separation of the constituents of wet concrete caused by excessive handling or vibration.

Seismic</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
Relating to earthquakes.

Seismic load</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
A load on a structure caused by movement of the earth relative to the structure during an earthquake.

Seismic separation joint</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</s
A building separation joint that allows adjacent building masses to oscillate independently during an earthquake.

Self-drilling</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div c
Drills its own hole.

Self-furring lath</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><d
Metal lath with dimples that space the lath away from the sheathing behind to allow plaster to penetrate the lath.

Self-tapping</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
Creates its own screw threads on the inside of a hole.

Self-weight</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
The weight of a beam or slab.

Set</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5>
To cure; to install; to recess the heads of nails; a punch for recessing the heads of nails.

Setting block</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div c
A small block of synthetic rubber or lead used to support the weight of a sheet of glass at its lower edge.

Settlement joint</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><di
A building separation joint that allows the foundations of adjacent building masses to settle at different rates.

Shading coefficient</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style>
The ratio of total solar heat passing through a given sheet of glass to that passing through a sheet of clear double-strength glass.

Shaft</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv
An unbroken vertical passage through a multistory building,used for elevators, wiring, plumbing, ductwork, and so on.

Shaft wall</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A wall split from a block of wood.

Shake</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv
A shingle split from a block of wood.

Shake-on hardener</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><d
A dry powder that is dusted onto the surface of a concrete slab before troweling, to react with the concrete and produce a hard wearing surface for industrial use.

Shale</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv
A rock formed from the consolidation of clay or silt.

Shear</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv
A deformation in which planes of material slide with respect to one another.

Shear connection</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><di
A connection designed to resist only the tendency of one member to slide past the other, and not to resist any tendency of the members to rotate with respect to one another.

Shear panel</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A wall, floor, or roof surface that acts as a deep beam to help stablize a building against deformation by lateral forces.

Shear stud</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A piece of steel welded to the top of a steel beam or girder so as to become embedded in the concrete fill over the beam and cause the beam and the concrete to act as a single structural unit.

Sheathing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
The rough covering applied to the outside of the roof, wall, or floor framing of a light frame structure.

Shed</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
A building or dormer with a single-pitched roof.

Sheeting</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
A stiff material used to retain the soil around an excavation; a material such as polyethylene in the form of very thin, flexible sheets.

Sheet metal</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
Flat rolled metal less than 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) in thickness.

Shelf angle</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A steel angle attached to the spandrel of a building to support a masonry facing.

Shim</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
A thin piece of material placed between two components of a building to adjust their relative positions as they are assembled; to insert shims.

Shingle</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a sloping roof watertight; to apply shingles.

Shiplap</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
A board with edges rabbeted so as to overlap flush from one board to the next.

Shop drawings</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div c
Detailed plans prepared by a fabricator to guide the shop production of such building components as cut stonework, steel or precast concrete framing, curtain wall panels, and cabinetwork.

Shoring</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
Temporary vertical or sloping supports of steel or timber.

Shotcrete</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
A low-slump concrete mixture that is deposited by being blown from a nozle at high speed with a stream of compressed air.

Shrinkage-temperature steel</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}
Reinforcing bars laid at right angles to the principal bars in a one-way slab, for the purpose of preventing excessive cracking caused by drying shrinkage or temperature stresses in the concrete.

Sidelight</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
A tall, narrow window alongside a door.

Siding</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
The exterior wall finish material applied to a light frame wood structure.

Siding nail</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A nail with a small head, used to fasten siding to a building.

Silica fume</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
Very finely divided silicon dioxide used as an admixture in the formation of very high-strength, low-permeability concrete.

Silicone</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
A polymer used for high-range sealants, roof membranes, and masonry water repellants.

Sill</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
The strip of wood that lies immediately on top of a concrete or masonry foundation in wood frame construction; the horizontal bottom portion of a window or door; the exterior surface, usually sloping to shed water, below the bottom of a window or door.

Sill sealer</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A resilient, fibrous material placed between a foundation and a sill to reduce air infilitration between the outdoors and indoors.

Single-hung window</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><
A window with two overlapping sashes, the lower of which can slide vertically in tracks, and the upper of which is fixed.

Single-ply membrane</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style>
A sheet of plastic, synthetic rubber, or modified bitumen used as a roofing sheet for a low-slope roof.

Single-strength glass</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</styl
Glass approximately 3/32 inch (2.5 mm) thick.

Single tee</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A precast slab element whose profile resembles the letter T.

Sitecast</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
Concrete poured and cured in its final position in a building.

Skip joist</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
See wide module concrete joist system.

Skylight</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
A fixed window installed in a roof.

Slab band</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
A very broad, shallow beam used with a one-way solid slab.

Slab on grade</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div c
A concrete surface lying upon, and supported directly by, the ground beneath.

Slag</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
The mineral waste that rises to the top of molten iron or steel, or to the top of a weld.

Slaked lime</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
Calcium hydroxide.

Slate</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv
A metamorphic form of clay, easily split into think sheets.

Sliding window</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A window with one fixed sash and another that moved horizontally in tracks.

Slip-critical connection</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</s
A steel connection in which high-strength bolts clamp the members together with sufficient force that the load is transferred between them by friction.

Slip forming</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
Building multistory sitecast concrete walls with forms that rise up the wall as construction progresses.

Slump test</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A test in which wet concrete or plaster is placed in a cone-shaped metal mold of specified dimensions and allowed to slump under its own weight after the cone is removed. The vertical distance between the height of the mold and the height of the slumped mixture is an index of its working consistency.

Slurry</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
A watery mixture of insoluble materials.

Smoke developed rating</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</sty
An index of the toxic fumes generated by a materials as it burns.

Smoke shelf</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
The horizontal area behind the damper of a fireplace.

Soffit vent</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
An opening under the eave of a roof used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.

Soffit</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or a roof overhand.

Soft-coat low-e coating</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</st
A low-emissivity coating that is applied to glass after the glass has been manufactured and cooled.

Soft mud process</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><di
Making bricks by pressing wet clay into molds.

Soldier</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
A brick laid on its end, with its narrow face toward the outside of the wall.

Sole plate</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
The horizontal piece of dimension lumber at the bottom of the studs in a wall in a light frame building.

Solid-core door</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A flush door with no internal cavities.

Solid slab</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A concrete slab, without ribs or voids, that spans between beams or bearing walls.

Solid tape sealand</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><
See preformed solid tape sealant.

Solvent</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
A liquid that dissolves another material.

Sound Transmission Class (STC)</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px
An index of the resistance of a partition or ceiling to the passage of sound.

Space frame, space truss</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</s
A truss that spans with two-way action.

Span</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
The distance between supports for a beam, girder, truss, vault, arch, or other horizontal structural device; to carry a load between supports.

Spandrel</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
The wall area between the head of a window on one story and the sill of a window on the floor above; the area of a wall between adjacent arches.

Spandrel beam</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div c
A beam that runs along the outside edge of a floor or roof.

Spandrel glass</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
Opaque glass manufactured especially for use in spandrel panels.

Span rating</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
The number stamped on a sheet of plywood or other wood building panel to indicate how far in inches it may span between supports.

Specifications</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
The written instructions from an architect or engineer concerning the quality of materials and execution required for a building.

Spirit level</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
A tool in which a bubble in an upwardly curving, cylindrical glass vial indicates whether a building element is level or not level, plumb or not plumb.

Splash block</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.

Spline</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
A thin strip inserted into grooves in two mating pieces of material to hold them in alignment; a ridge or strip of material intended to lock to a mating groove.

Split jamb</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A door frame fabricated in two interlocking halves, to be installed from the opposite sides of an opening.

Staggered truss system</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</sty
A steel framing system in which story-high trusses, staggered one-half bay from one story to the next, support floor decks on both their top and bottom chords.

Stain</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv
A coating intended primarily to change the color of wood or concrete, without forming as impervious film.

Standing and running trim</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</
Door and window casings and baseboards.

Standing seam</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div c
A sheet metal roofing seam that projects at right angles to the plane of the roof.

Stay</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
A sloping cable used to stabilize a structure.

STC </title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
See Sound Transmission Class.

Steam curing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
Aiding and accelerating the setting reaction of concrete by the application of steam.

Steel </title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
Iron with a controlled amount of carbon, generally less than 1.7 percent.

Steep roof</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A roof with sufficient slope that it may be made waterproof with shingles.

Sticking</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
The cementing together of defects in marble slabs.

Stick system</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
A metal curtain wall system that is largely assembled in place.

Stiffener plate</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A steel plate attached to a structural member to support it against heavy localized loading or stresses.

Stiff mud process</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><d
A method of molding bricks in which a column of damp clay is extruded from a rectangular die and cut into bricks by fine wires.

Stile</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv
A vertical framing member in a panel door.

Stirrup</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=a
A vertical loop of steel bar used to reinforce a concrete beam against diagonal tension forces.

Stirrup-tie</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A stirrup that forms a complete loop, as differentiated from a U-stirrup, which has an open top.

Stool</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv
The interior horizontal plane at the sill of a window.

Storm window</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
A sash added to the outside of a window in winter to increase its thermal resistance and decrease air infiltration.

Story pole</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div clas
A strip of wood marked with the exact course heights of masonry for a particular building, used to make sure that all the leads are identical in height and coursing.

Straighthedge</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div c
To strike off the surface of a concrete slab using screeds and a straigh piece of lumber or metal.

Strain</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
Deformation under stress.

Stress</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
Force per unit area.

Stressed-skin panel</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style>
A panel consisting of two face sheets of wood, metal, or concrete bonded to perpendicular spacer strips.

Stretcher</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
A brick or masonry unit laid in its most usual position, with the broadest surface of the unit horizontal and the length of the unit parallel to the surface of the wall.

Striated </title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
Textured with parallel scratches or grooves.

Stringer</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
The sloping wood or steel member supporting the treads of a stair.

Strip flooring</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
Wood finish flooring in the form of long, narrow tongue-and-groove boards.

Stripping</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
Removing formwork from concrete; sealing around a roof flashing with layers of felt and bitumen.

Structural bond</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
The interlocking pattern of masonry units used to tie two or more wythes together in a wall.

Structural glazed facing tile</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px)
A hollow clay masonry unit with glazed faces.

Structural mill</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
The portion of a steel mill that rolls structural shapes.

Structural silicone flush glazing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,39
Glass secured to the face of a building with strong, highly adhesive silicone sealant so as to eliminate the need for any metal to appear outisde the inner face of the glass.

Structural standing-seam metal roofing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,au
Sheets of corrugated metal that serve both as decking and as the waterproof layer of a roof.

Structural terra-cotta</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</sty
Molded components, often highly ornamental, made of fired clay, designed to be used in the facades of buildings.

Structural tubing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><d
Hollow steel cylindrical or rectangular shapes made to be used as structural members.

Structure/enclosure joint</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</
A connection designed to allow the structure of a building and its cladding or partitions to move independently.

Stucco</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=ad
Portland cement plaster used as an exterior cladding or siding material.

Stud</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
One of a series of small, closely spaced wall framing members; a heavy steel pin.

Styrene butadiene styrene</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</
A copoloymer of butadiene and styrene used as a modifier in polymer-modified bitumen roofing.

Subcontractor</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div c
A contractor who specializes in one area of construction activity, and who usually works under a general contractor.

Subfloor</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=
The loadbearing surface beneath a finish floor.

Subpurlin</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
A very small roof framing member that spans between joists and purlins.

Substrate</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class
The base to which a coating or veneer is applied.

Substructure</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cl
The occupied, below-ground portion of a building.

Sump</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div class=adv5
A pit designed to collect water for removal from an excavation or basement.

Superflat floor</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A concrete slab finished to a high degree of flatness according to a recognized system of measurement.

Superplasticizer</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><di
A concrete admixture that makes wet concrete extremely fluid without additional water.

Superstructure</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
The above-ground portion of a building.

Supply pipe</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div cla
A pipe that brings clean water to a plumbing fixture.

Supporting stud</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
A wall framing member that extends from the sole plate to the underside of a header and that supports the header.

Surface bonding</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><div
Bonding a concrete masonry wall together by applying a layer of glass-fiber-reinforced stucco to both its faces.

Surface divider joint</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</styl
A line along which a surface may expand and/or contract without damage.

Suspended ceiling</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><d
A finish ceiling that is hung on wires from the structure above.

Suspended glazing</title><style>.adv5{position:absolute;clip:rect(397px,auto,auto,397px);}</style><d
Large sheets of glass hung from clamps at their top edges so as to eliminate the need for metal mullions.

land development glossary